top of page

Two Million Homes

250 years to meet the current housing stock requirement?

At the current rate of provision of affordable and rehabilitation housing, the two million homes requirement will take over 250 years for completion. The reducing or negligible uptake of market housing is clearly not able to subsidise the required stock of rehabilitation housing. Alternative models to free rehabilitation housing such as self-redevelopment models, inclusive housing, community land reserve or incremental housing need to be considered. We are studying and evaluating surplus lands which can be consolidated and opened up for this housing provision, such as MbPT lands, MIDC, SEZ and MHADA lands.

Housing stock in Mumbai
Slum Map of Mumbai - RDDP 2034

Greater Mumbai - 8% of land for an estimated 42% of population

Housing stock provided by SRA (1990-2016)
Population distribution in housing typologies of Mumbai
Housing stock requirement of Mumbai
SRA Model in Mumbai
Slums of Mumbai

Since the 1990s, several governmental schemes have been initiated and adopted to provide ‘Affordable Housing’ in Greater Mumbai and the Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR), but these have seen little success. Over the last thirty years, only 10% of the required Affordable Housing has been implemented. At this rate, it will take over 300 years to provide the requisite two million homes for MMR. Alarmingly, this implies that it is fine for the current population, living in sub-standard housing conditions, to continue doing so without any respite on the horizon. This demand for Inclusionary and Affordable housing will only continue to rise, and the gap between demand and supply will become larger, unless we take adequate steps immediately to alleviate the current pressures.

Housing stock requirement of Mumbai
Expected supply of Housing Units in Mumbai Metropolitan Region
What is Affordable Housing in Mumbai

Alternative solutions to creating adequate affordable housing in MMR

Quality of housing in the Mumbai Metropolitan Region

A survey undertaken in the 24 Administrative Wards of Greater Mumbai revealed that the most important concern of Mumbaikars is “housing” followed by education, healthcare and sanitation. By successfully catering to this demand for affordable housing, it will act as a force multiplier for MMR’s economic development. Enabling provisions will have to be made, in addition to the current Development Control Regulations, additional rights will have to be created without impinging on current schemes or provision. Most of these provisions will offer additional development rights to existing stakeholders, users, landowners, promoters, builders, developers for including this inclusionary component. 

Available lands in Mumbai
Solutions: Creation of Affordable Housing in Mumbai
Two million homes for the Mumbai Metropolitan Region
bottom of page